Buses are vehicles that are designed to carry many passengers, the most common is the single decker rigid bus followed by the larger double-decker and articulated buses. Minibuses and midibuses carry smaller loads and coaches are used for long distance travel.
Many of the city transit buses and inter-city coaches’ charge passengers a fee, school buses do not tend to charge a fee. Bus drivers are very often required to have a special licence beyond the regular drivers licence.
The first omnibus service was offered by John Greenwood between Pendleton and Manchester in 1824. Although stagecoach services had existed for many years his horse drawn omnibus service was the first to offer transport without prior booking. He would also pick up and set down en route as and where the passenger requested.
Many other bus companies were started not only in England, by 1845 there were 13 companies operating in Paris alone. In 1825 the first bus company was established in Berlin, Germany and by the 1880’s bus companies were commonplace throughout England, Europe and North America.
Horse drawn buses gave way to steam buses and then to trolley buses and finally to motor buses.
Bus companies these days are prolific and are buses are normally painted in a livery that identifies the operator, route and or function of the bus. Bus companies operate various services from transit buses, tour buses, student transport and private charter.
Bus companies throughout the world have developed the types and features of their buses according to local needs such as air conditioning in Asia, or cycle mounts on North American buses.
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